Spatial patterns of diversity and genetic erosion of traditional cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) in the Peruvian Amazon: An evaluation of socio-economic and environmental indicators

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

  • Louise Willemen
  • Xavier Scheldeman
  • Victor Soto Cabellos
  • Simon Rafael Salazar
  • Luigi Guarino
This study evaluates quantitatively the suitability of the use of site-specific socio-economic and environmental data as indicators to rapidly assess patterns of diversity and genetic erosion risk in cassava. Socio-economic data as well as farmers' estimation of genetic erosion were collected in the study area, the Ucayali region of the Peruvian Amazon, through interviews with 285 cassava farmers in 50 communities, while diversity was assessed based on agromorphological characterization of 295 cassava accessions. Using multivariate regression analyses, 50 and 45% of the variation in respectively diversity and genetic erosion estimation could be explained by a selected set of socio-economic and environmental indicators. In both regression models four out of the total of 38 variables proved to contribute significantly (at p <0.10 level). Additionally, the study revealed that farmers are a good direct source of information on the diversity present at community level, which can contribute to the development of methodologies to assess diversity more rapidly. The results of this study are valuable for the development of models to rapidly assess diversity dynamics in large areas.
Originele taal-2Engels
TijdschriftGenetic Resources and Crop Evolution
Nummer van het tijdschrift7
Pagina's (van-tot)1599-1612
Aantal pagina's14
StatusGepubliceerd - 1-nov-2007


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